Presbyopia can be diagnosed during a basic eye exam by your eye care professional. During the exam, your eye care professional will inspect the inside of your eye using a magnifying instrument called an ophthalmoscope. Your eye care professional may use eye drops to dilate your pupils to make it easier to see the back of the eye. You may also take a vision test that measures your distance and up-close vision.The first signs of presbyopia usually appear in the early to mid-40s. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends you have a baseline eye disease screening at age 40, even if you don’t have vision problems or known risk factors. Your eye care professional will recommend follow-up exams based on the results and your family history.
If you didn’t wear glasses before developing presbyopia, reading glasses can be an effective treatment and are available through your eye care professional or even over the counter from most drugstores.
Multifocal Lens Glasses or Contact Lenses
Bifocal and trifocal lenses have various prescription strengths and focus points for close, middle or distance vision.
Presbyopia-Correcting Cataract Surgery
If you have cataracts, you may be able to correct your presbyopia at the same time as your cataract surgery. Talk to your surgeon about options that are right for you.
Cataract Surgery Preparation3
If you decide on a surgical treatment, you will need to be tested and evaluated before the procedure. Tests will likely include measuring eye pressure, pupil dilation, refraction and corneal thickness. Your surgeon will also evaluate your medical history to make sure you are an ideal candidate.
Before your evaluation, you may need to temporarily halt contact lens use. This allows your eyes to return to their normal shape so they can be accurately measured. You will also have to stop wearing them before the surgery.
Your surgeon will provide you with specific details ahead of time about what to expect before, during and after the procedure. He or she will also be able to answer any questions you may have.
Life After Cataract Surgery4
Most people report improved vision as soon as the day after surgery, but usually your vision will continue to improve as your eyes heal. There are recommended activities that will help strengthen your vision at near, intermediate and distance visions:
- Shaving or putting on make-up
- Working on a handheld device
- Watching TV
- Looking at the computer monitor
- Cooking and reading recipes